Gums & Gum Disease: Frequently Asked Questions

Why Are My Gums Bleeding?

It’s common to see blood in the sink when you spit into it after brushing/flossing. But bleeding gums—even during a dentist cleaning—are not normal and not healthy. They’re a sign—possibly along with other often-missed red alerts like puffy, red, irritated gums—of gingivitis (early gum disease). Millions of adults have some form of gum disease, yet only a very small fraction realise it because gum pain is not an early symptom. The good news: early-stage gum disease is reversible, through improved daily mouth care and more frequent visits to the dentist for plaque and tartar removal with professional tools. But left ignored, blood in the sink can progress to serious gum disease (periodontitis) that attacks gums and is the number-one reason teeth fall out.

Why Are My Gums Receding?

You’ve recognised one of the most tell-tale signs of advanced stage gum disease. And this is not one you want to ignore. When you notice your gum pulling away from your teeth, and more of the lower part of your teeth becomes visible, your gums are receding. Often referred to as shrinking gums, when this happens, the roots of your teeth become exposed to harmful bacteria and your mouth becomes susceptible to a whole host of health issues. Left untreated, gum recession can have serious, irreversible consequences.